National Education Minister Mohammad Nuh give an appreciation of all relevant public's perception of National Examination (UN). All of this view, he said, showed public awareness of the education.

"The government gives an appreciation of community views relevant UN, whatever it is. Why, because the views that show a high public awareness of education. If it does not matter, people will not comment anything," he said, after opening the Convention on Campus Annual Gathering VI and XII Forum Rektor Indonesia in Pontianak, West Kalimantan, Friday (8/1/2010).

Noah said the UN is part of the evaluation methods. Evaluation itself is part of the learning process. "UN should not be seen as the one (method)," he said.

Minister likens, evaluation is like taking care of trees in the forest. Let us not busy with one tree and hold, while the other trees in the forest are not neglected. "We can single out the other trees," said Noah.

Given the method, the UN is not the only, there are other methods. The government chose a particular method because it considers the positive and negative impacts.

"The government does not mean not thinking about other methods. Another method that we have exercised plus minusnya. UN (now) we also see what minusnya plus. From there, the most plusnya and less on the UN minusnya there now," he said.

At the UN this time, the light of Noah, there is the main test, repeated examinations, and follow-up examinations. If you do not pass the test repeated, there is a test package C. "It's opened up opportunities and accommodate them," added the minister.

UN History

Noah trace the history of the UN, who was in Indonesia is nothing new and has existed since Indonesia is not yet independent. He said, there are countries that apply the test until 1971 and then passed a little.

Starting in 1969 until the year 1972 Repelita created a new model to increase gross enrollment rate. At that time, because the pass a little, then the seat of the available lots are empty. At the same time built to increase the presidential primary WFA.

"In the 1972-1992 school exam was developed, in which the school was invited to determine graduation. After 20 years studied there was an interesting phenomenon, namely 100 persenisasi. Why, really 100 percent, cook all graduated? Logic is not there that do not pass," he said.

Years 1992-2002, continued Noah, comes the final stage of the evaluation study of national or EBTANAS, which combines the UN with school exams. Certain subjects assessed and graded schools nationwide. From there it is calculated using a specific formula for determining graduation.

"There are interesting facts observed, where values dropped gapnya UN compared test scores from school. Gap in value between 2.5 to 3. For example, school grades 6, proved the value of 3 UN," he said. "There is an effort to boost school grades so that students can graduate," he added.

Finally, in 2003, there was a change to UAN or would be known as the UN. Certain subjects assessed the state, most other schools assessed fully. When started, the value of graduation standards that apply at that time only 3. It was based on the average value of the previous EBTANAS only three.

"Right now the prevailing UN values average 5.5 and still be a value of 4 subjects," he said.

Noah explains, current graduation students are determined by four points, including the student has completed all the learning program, passed by the school on subjects moral character, pass the subjects tested by the school, and the last pass the national examination.

UN fair?

When asked about the heterogeneity of the quality education in Indonesia, and even some of them are still worrying, but applied the same test all over Indonesia, Noah realized it.

"What the hell? What school fair in one confined area and other areas because excess kok rolled into one. It's not fair," Noah accountability.

Departure from the situation, he says, it's where the government does not fix the reason for passing grade standard 6 or 7. Other countries that value math at least 6, but in our country should value 4.

"But, if the Indonesian 4 score was strange, wong kok's own language. Number 4 was already accommodating that we believe there are schools that infrastructure still needs to be encouraged to continue," he said.

The government, he said, currently is working to complete the minimum service standards (SPM) in schools, including infrastructure improvement. Although there is a condition of school infrastructure was still not good, not seen an eye that the school was not a smart kid.

"If there's an idea that schools meet the standards (service) tested their own minimum and that has not been tested alone, it had a big discrimination. As if the students are from schools is not good does not have the same opportunities as other schools," he said.

Finally the minister hoped, the school and all elements of society can support students to prepare for the UN well.


National Education Minister (minister) Mohammad Nuh said, preparations for the implementation of the National Examination (UN) in 2010 will continue, because until now the National Education Ministry has not received the decision of the Supreme Court (MA)-related rejection of the UN appeal.

"The main National Examination held in March 2010 will be the usual way, because until now we have received and read the Supreme Court decision that instead of waiting for better preparing the implementation of UN," he said in a press conference about pascapenolakan National Examination cassation by the Supreme Court in Jakarta , Thursday night.

He said the UN will continue to run in 2010 for education in the country requires an established system, not always changing and there is a certainty.

On the other hand, the National Education Ministry will prepare the decision of the Supreme Court when the same content with the results of the High Court on May 3, 2007.

"If the Supreme Court decision related to the high court's decision, then the government has conducted points to claim the award, which is six points," he said.

However, six points from the high court's decision is not a single word that says the ban for the government to implement UN.

For example, the 3 points mentioned "to the Defendants Ordered to improve teacher quality, comprehensiveness of school infrastructure, access to full information on all regions in Indonesia before issuing a policy implementation more National Examination".

According to the minister, all of which were ordered in the decision
being, has been, and continues to be as it is part of the process, such as improving teacher qualifications have been conducted since 2006, repairing classrooms, use of internet in schools in number from year to year increase.

Mohammad Nuh who accompanied the echelon of the conference was told, in the implementation of the UN in 2010 will be changed, ie there is the UN test for students who did not pass the primary examination or examinations and follow-up.

"Therefore, implementation of the UN more time early in 2010, the month of March 2010, then there is follow-up national examination for students absent for various reasons. Then in May 2010 the UN carried out tests, so that good students who graduated at the main UN or UN test remains the opportunity to follow the selection into tertiary institutions, "he added.

Supreme Court (MA) rejected the appeal submitted by the government related to the implementation of the National Examination (UN) that the decision, it can be said that the UN is so far the government is legally flawed, and then banned UN to be held.

Petitioners in the case of the state of RI cq President, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, State of RI cq Vice President, M. Jusuf Kalla - when the petition was filed -, State President of RI cq cq Minister of National Education, Bambang Sudibyo - when the petition was filed -.

In addition, the State President of RI cq cq cq Minister of National Education Chairman of the National Education Standards Agency, Bambang Soehendro against Kristiono et al (as the defendant used the plaintiff's appeal / the terbanding).

In its decision, the Supreme Court also imposes the petitioners appeal / the defendants to pay legal fees in this appeal level Rp500 thousand.

The existence of such decisions, as well as strengthen the High Court decision (PT) DKI Jakarta on May 3, 2007, but the government still held the UN for 2008 and 2009.

The government considered negligent in improving the quality of good teachers and infrastructure facilities, until the government was asked to consider the psychological and mental disorders the students as a result of the implementation of the UN.